A structure erected near the courtyard wall between block 10 and block 11 in Auschwitz I, where for two years, from the autumn of 1941 to the autumn of 1943, SS men conducted a few thousand executions. Prisoners were killed by SS men with a shot to the base of the skull from a small‑bore weapon. After the execution, the corpses were taken to the crematorium. From the autumn of 1943, executions by shooting were conducted in the Birkenau camp. The wall was dismantled. In 1946, it was reconstructed by former prisoners of the camp employed by the Memorial, which was then being founded.